The Role of Hygiene in Preserving Denture Functionality and Lifespan

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Dentures improve the quality of life and function of people who have lost their teeth. Fully or partially removable prosthetic devices restore oral function, including chewing, speech, and facial support.  The National Library of Medicine found that among Canadians aged 45 and up, 8% identified as edentulous or toothless. The study also shows that this percentage rises with age, with many participants having dentures. They depend on proper hygiene for their effectiveness and longevity. In this expert discussion, we discuss how hygiene affects denture functionality and lifespan.  We will highlight how meticulous hygiene impacts various aspects of denture care. It will also emphasize the importance of seeking expertly crafted “dentures near me” from qualified dental professionals. 

Common Denture Problems

Several common issues can negatively impact the oral health and general comfort of both complete and partial denture wearers. Here’s a way to spot, fix, and avoid these problems:
Denture Issues Cause Solution
Halitosis (Bad Breath) Plaque, food debris, and biofilms cause anaerobic bacterial growth and volatile sulphur compound production. Soak in antimicrobial solutions, clean them daily with non-abrasive cleaners, and brush tooth tissue. Consider antimicrobial mouthwash.
Discomfort and Irritation Ill-fitting, tissue adaptation or occlusal trauma causes mucosal friction, pressure sores, and epithelial trauma. Complete a clinical denture fit, stability, and occlusal harmony assessment. Make necessary adjustments. Promote denture care and follow-ups.
Gum Inflammation and Sores Malfunctioning denture flanges or residual ridge resorption cause chronic mechanical irritation, mucosal inflammation, edema, and ulceration. Apply tissue conditioning or soft liners to improve tissue adaptation. Fix occlusal issues and parafunctions. Promote hygiene and mucosal abnormality detection.

How Infections and Sores Can Occur Due to Negligible Denture Hygiene

  1. Biofilm-mediated Infections

Poor denture hygiene allows pathogenic microorganisms to colonize denture surfaces and form biofilms. Biofilms harbour virulent bacteria and fungi, increasing the risk of denture stomatitis, angular cheilitis, and oral candidiasis.
  1. Tissue Trauma and Microabrasions

Chronic mucosal trauma and microabrasions from poor denture hygiene or fit can compromise the epithelial barrier and predispose tissues to opportunistic infections, traumatic ulcers, and epithelial hyperplasia.
  1. Increased Incidence of Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases

Disregarding oral hygiene can lead to plaque and bacteria buildup on dentures and natural teeth. Cavities in the teeth and gum disease can become more common due to this.
  • Plaque retention and bacterial growth can result from dentures’ reduced saliva flow and biting forces. 
  • This makes dentures and remaining teeth more susceptible to decay and gum inflammation.
  • Studies show that denture hygiene quality correlates with tooth cleaning frequency. 
  • Poor denture hygiene increases the risk of dental issues since poor oral hygiene often follows.
  1. Increased Risk of Denture-Related Stomatitis

Poor denture hygiene can cause denture-related stomatitis. Candida albicans, which causes oral thrush, can grow on denture surfaces and oral mucosa if not cleaned regularly.
  • Uncleaned removable partial dentures are a breeding ground for Candida albicans, which love warm, moist environments. 
  • Fungal inflammation and irritation of the oral mucosa can cause redness, swelling, and pain in stomatitis.
  • Stomatitis can cause pain and lower quality of life. 
  • Burning sensations and altered taste perception can make eating and speaking uncomfortable.

Preventing and Fixing Common Denture Issues

Multimodal Biofilm Control Strategies

Use mechanical, chemical, and biological methods to prevent biofilm formation. Regular use of enzymatic cleaners or antifungal agents to combat microbial biofilms may be necessary.

Precision Prosthodontic Techniques

  • Create custom-fit dentures with optimal tissue adaptation and occlusal stability using CAD/CAM technology and intraoral scanning. 
  • Use tissue conditioning, soft liners, or resilient denture bases to reduce mucosal trauma and patient discomfort.

Why Dentures Need Daily Cleaning

Benefits Description Impact
Eliminating Bacteria and Plaque Removing plaque, bacteria, and food particles prevents infections and bad breath. Prevents oral diseases and ensures maintained oral hygiene.
Protecting Against Discolouration and Stains Assists in maintaining the appearance of dentures by preventing stains caused by food, drinks, and tobacco. Enhances aesthetics and prolongs denture lifespan.
Oral Health Maintenance Supports good oral health by preventing gum inflammation, irritation, and fungal infections. Promotes healthy oral tissues and prevents discomfort.
Prevention of Odours Maintains fresh, odour-free by removing food debris and bacteria that cause bad breath. Enhances confidence and social interactions.

Cleaning Methods for Dentures 

Mechanical Cleaning

  • Physically removing plaque and debris. 
  • Clean manually with a soft-bristled toothbrush or denture brush. 
  • Ultrasonic and sonic cleaning baths use high-frequency vibrations to remove debris. 
  • Clean hard-to-reach areas well and benefit those with limited dexterity.

Chemical Cleaning

  • Chemical cleaners kill denture bacteria and fungi alongside mechanical methods. 
  • Bleach-based, effervescent, enzyme-based, and oral rinses are available. 
  • Each type has unique antimicrobial properties and works with different denture materials.
Combining mechanical and chemical cleaning methods improves denture hygiene. Mechanical methods remove debris, but chemical agents add antimicrobial action for a thorough cleaning. By using both methods, denture wearers can reduce plaque and oral infections.

Ensure Compatibility with Denture Materials

Consider denture material composition when choosing cleaning methods to avoid adverse reactions and preserve structural integrity.
  • Acrylic. Abrasive toothpaste scratches and retains microbes, so use non-abrasive denture cleaners.
  • Metal-based. Mechanical cleaning is safe, but acid or bleach-based cleaners may cause corrosion and tarnishing.
  • Flexible. Using manufacturer-recommended cleaning agents prevents material distortion and extends flexibility and comfort.
  • Polymer-based. These materials work with most denture cleaners, but following manufacturer instructions is essential for optimal performance and longevity.

Step-by-Step Denture Cleaning Guide

  1. Rinsing After Meals. Quickly wash them under running water to remove any leftover food or debris. Initial rinse prevents plaque and bacteria.
  2. Denture Brushing with Soft Bristles. Hard-bristle brushes scratch and damage dentures. Be careful around the gum line, clasps, and metal attachments where food and plaque accumulate.
  3. Non-Abrasive Denture Cleaners. Use a gentle, non-abrasive denture cleaner. Cleansers should be diluted, soaked, and used as the manufacturer directs.
  4. Overnight Denture Soaking. Try soaking it overnight in a cleaning solution to remove stubborn stains, odours, and bacteria. Soak thoroughly and avoid hot water, which can warp or distort it.

Proper Handling and Storing of Dentures

Must be stored and handled correctly to keep them in good condition, functioning properly, and free from germs. A detailed look at best practices:

Handling Methods to Avoid Damage

  • Take good care by handling them with clean hands and not dropping them.
  • Add a soft towel or basin of water to the sink when removing or cleaning to prevent drops.
  • Avoid bending or twisting to avoid damaging the prosthetic material.
  • Use a firm but gentle grip to avoid damaging the components when inserting or removing them.

How to Keep Dentures Secure When Not in Use

  1. Keep It Moist. They should be stored in a clean container with water or soaking solution when not in use. Avoid dry storage.
  2. Label Container. Label your lidded denture container with your name or initials to avoid mixing dentures.
  3. Avoid Extreme Temperatures. Keep them out of direct sunlight, hot water, and heaters to avoid warping or distortion.
  4. Keep Pets and Kids Away. Should be kept from pets and children to avoid damage or ingestion.

Why Dentures Need Moisture to Stay Shaped

Without moisture, acrylic and resin dentures can dry out and lose shape. Properly fitting dentures depend on comfort, stability, and functionality. Store them in water or a soaking solution to avoid shrinkage and distortion. Moist dentures maintain their shape and fit, reducing discomfort and irritation. Dry dentures also crack, break, or brittle more easily. Moistening extends their lifespan and reduces repair and replacement needs.  

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Ensure Denture Longevity and Oral Health Wellness Today

Proper denture care improves oral hygiene and extends denture functionality and lifespan. Prioritizing oral hygiene, seeking professional guidance, and attending regular dental checkups can help achieve a healthy, comfortable, and functional denture. Maintaining your dentures for as long as possible requires consistent visits to a Westgate Dental Centre. Our professionals replace missing teeth by offering Maple Ridge dentures, expert tooth extraction, and other dental services.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, sugars, starches, and sticky residues in foods can cause plaque buildup on the surfaces of immediate dentures and natural teeth.

  • Hard, crunchy, or tough foods can cause discomfort, displacement, or breakage. 
  • Effective digestion and nutrient absorption require proper chewing and mastication.
  • Acidic or sugary foods lower salivary flow and oral pH, promoting bacterial growth, enamel erosion, and soft tissue irritation. 
  • A balanced diet supports oral health by balancing pH and saliva production.

No, however, do not wear a removable denture while sleeping to rest gum tissue and prevent stomatitis. Taking complete dentures out at night also makes it easier to clean and maintain healthy teeth, dental implants, and gums.

You should visit a dentist every six months for oral health monitoring, fitting and function assessment, and professional cleanings and adjustments. Dental visits are necessary for good oral hygiene and the prevention of wear on conventional dentures and artificial teeth.

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