Dental Cavity Treatment in Maple Ridge

A dental cavity forms when damage occurs to the hard outer shell of a tooth, known as enamel. A cavity can develop without noticeable symptoms but may cause discomfort gradually. In extreme cases, addressing the issue may require a dental procedure known as a root canal.

Cavities are a common dental problem. It’s estimated that about 96% of adults in Canada have a history of cavities. The good news is that cavities are treatable.

Discovering your cavity could be unexpected, especially if you believe you maintain good oral hygiene practices. Nevertheless, even when your dentist in Maple Ridge informs you of this condition, there are methods to address a cavity and prevent the development of new ones.

What Are Cavities?

A cavity is a hole in a tooth that happens when the tooth starts to decay. Cavities are created when acids in your mouth wear away the hard outer layer of your tooth, called enamel. Tooth cavities can also be called dental caries.

Different types of cavities can start on any tooth surface. Here are common types and where they usually happen:

Type of Cavity


Affected Age Group


Smooth Surface

This type of cavity forms slowly, dissolving tooth enamel. It often occurs between teeth.


Mild to Moderate

Pit and Fissure Decay

Cavities can develop on the top part of the tooth’s chewing surface and the front side of the back teeth.


Moderate to Severe

Root Decay

More common in people with receding gums, exposing tooth roots to plaque and acid. This is challenging to prevent and treat.



Causes of Dental Cavities

Tooth cavity, also called tooth decay results from plaque. It is a sticky substance that adheres to the surface of teeth. Dental plaque is composed of:

  • Bacteria
  • Saliva
  • Acid
  • Food particles

Bacteria naturally inhabit everyone’s oral cavity. After consuming sugary foods or beverages, the bacteria in your mouth convert sugar into acid. Plaque formation begins shortly after the ingestion of sugary substances. This underscores the importance of regular brushing.

Plaque adheres to the tooth’s surface, and the acid within plaque gradually erodes the protective enamel covering your teeth. Enamel serves as a sturdy shield that guards against tooth decay. As your tooth enamel weakens, the risk of decay increases.

  • Consuming an excessive amount of sugary or acidic foods and drinks.
  • Maintaining a poor oral hygiene routine, such as neglecting daily brushing and flossing.
  • Insufficient intake of fluoride.
  • Suffering from dry mouth reduces the natural protective effects of saliva.
  • Struggling with common eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia.
  • Dealing with acid reflux disease can result in stomach acid wearing down tooth enamel.

Cavities tend to develop more frequently in the posterior teeth. These teeth possess crevices and openings that can trap food particles, making them more susceptible to cavities. The back teeth can be more challenging to access during brushing and flossing routines.

Signs and Symptoms of Cavities

Tooth decay affecting the outer enamel layer doesn’t induce pain or manifest any symptoms. These are more likely to appear as the decay progresses beyond the enamel and penetrates the dentin and pulp.

Symptoms of cavities encompass:

  • Unpleasant breath or a foul taste in your mouth.
  • Gums that bleed or other indications of gum disease.
  • Swelling of the face.
  • Toothache or discomfort in the oral cavity.
  • Elevated tooth sensitivity to hot or cold foods and beverages.
Cavity Treatment
Cavity Treatment

Treatment Process

The dental cavity treatment process follows a simple and efficient sequence of steps. Contact our dental office to schedule a dental examination and cavity treatment appointment.

  1. During your first dental appointment, our dentist will conduct a thorough examination, possibly including X-rays, to assess the extent of the infected tooth.
  2. If the dentist determines that cavity treatment is necessary for the affected tooth, we will administer local anesthesia to ensure a pain-free procedure.
  3. Our dentist will use dental tools to eradicate the decayed portion of the sensitive teeth.
  4. You will receive instructions on aftercare and maintaining oral hygiene to promote healing and prevent further cavities.

Signs and Symptoms of Cavities

The treatment of dental cavities holds paramount importance for a variety of reasons:

  • Preventing tooth loss
  • Relieving pain
  • Preventing infections
  • Preserving oral health
Cavity Treatment

Aftercare and Maintaining Oral Hygiene

Dental Hygiene

Brush your teeth and floss appropriately. 

Dietary Choices

Don’t eat too much sugary and acidic foods and drinks. Opt for a well-maintained diet that supports your dental health to prevent tooth decay and tooth abscesses.

Regular Dental Checkups

Schedule regular checkups to see the condition of your treated tooth and catch any new cavities early.

Avoid Chewing on Hard Objects

Refrain from using your treated tooth to bite hard objects or open packages, which can damage the filling.


Some sensitivity is normal after cavity treatment. If it persists or worsens, contact your dentist.

Follow-Up Appointments

Follow your dentist’s recommendations for any necessary follow-up appointments or additional treatments.

dental image

Start Your Treatment Today

Dental cavity treatment in Maple Ridge is a service that can help you maintain good oral health, prevent tooth loss, and alleviate pain and discomfort. Our dentists in Maple Ridge are dedicated to providing efficient and effective cavity treatment, ensuring your oral health is in the best hands.

If you have any questions or need to schedule an appointment at Westgate Dental Centre for dental treatment, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We are here to support your journey to a cavity-free and healthy smile.

Frequently Asked Questions

Cavities are diagnosed through a dental examination. During a dental check-up, your dentist will visually inspect your teeth and can use diagnostic tools like X-rays to identify cavities. They will also verify for signs of tooth decay, such as discoloration, pits, or soft spots in the enamel. If a cavity is detected, your dentist will discuss treatment options.

Crowns or Caps

  • Used for extensive decay or weakened teeth. Covers and protects the remaining tooth structure.

Root Canal Therapy

  • Needed when decay reaches the tooth’s pulp. Infected pulp is removed, and the space is sealed.

Dental Implants

  • Used if a tooth is severely decayed and needs extraction. Replaces the entire tooth, including its root.

Fluoride Treatments

  • Can reverse early decay in some cases.

Tooth Extractions

  • Removes the decayed tooth entirely. It could require replacement with an implant or bridge.

Yes, children and teenagers are more prone to cavities for several reasons:

  • Inadequate Brushing and Flossing
  • High Sugar Diets
  • Irregular Dental Check-ups
  • Inadequate Fluoride
  • Tooth Anatomy
  • Bottle Feeding at Bedtime
  • Inadequate Saliva Flow

Untreated tooth decay can exhibit various symptoms. These include toothache, hot or cold sensitivity, visible teeth holes or pits, pain when biting or chewing, and bad breath.

Yes, cavities can be prevented in children through proper dental care. Encourage regular brushing and flossing, limit sugary snacks and beverages, ensure routine dental check-ups, and consider dental sealants and use fluoride toothpaste to protect their teeth.

Cavities themselves don’t directly spread from one tooth to another. This is how it works:

  1. Bacterial Growth: Cavities are mainly caused by Streptococcus mutans in the mouth, which feed on residual sugars and starches on teeth.
  2. Acid Production: After consuming these sugars and starches, bacteria produce acids as waste products.
  3. Enamel Demineralization: The acids produced by the bacteria demineralize the tooth enamel, initiating cavities.
  4. Transmission of Bacteria: Bacteria can easily be transferred through:
  • Sharing utensils, food, or drinks.
  • Kissing or close contact.
  • A caregiver tastes a child’s food and then feeds the same food to the child.
  1. New Locations for Bacterial Growth: If transferred bacteria find a favourable spot on another tooth, such as trapped food or plaque, they can initiate decay, possibly causing a new cavity.
  2. Adjacent Teeth: When a tooth with a significant cavity is in close contact with a neighbouring tooth, the adjacent tooth becomes more susceptible to decay due to the shared bacteria and proximity.

While maintaining good oral hygiene and a balanced diet is the most effective way to prevent cavities, some natural remedies can complement your oral care routine. These include oil pulling with coconut oil, xylitol gum or mints, and herbal toothpaste. 

A dental filling can last anywhere from a few years to over a decade. However, other treatments, like crowns, can last significantly longer. Tooth pain, receding gums, and fissure decay are common issues that could necessitate further treatment if they develop or persist.

Regular check-ups with your dentist in Maple Ridge are necessary to monitor the treated areas and identify potential new cavities or other dental issues early on. 

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