WISDOM TEETH EXTRACTION

wisdom-tooth-extraction

Wisdom teeth extraction

Wisdom teeth extraction is a relatively common dental surgical procedure which involves removing at least one–but typically more–wisdom teeth from the mouth. Wisdom teeth are a set of permanent adult teeth which are located at the top and bottom corners of the mouth. Wisdom teeth can sometimes cause problems when they become impacted; impacted wisdom teeth are teeth which do not have room to grow.

Let’s take a closer look at why wisdom teeth need to be extracted in order to explore why this procedure is recommended by dentists and oral surgeons.

WHY DO WISDOM TEETH NEED TO BE EXTRACTED?

If wisdom teeth are permanent adult teeth, why do they need to be extracted at all? The answer lies in the fact that wisdom teeth are more prone to erupting abnormally than other types of permanent teeth. Wisdom teeth are called third molars, and they are the last permanent teeth to erupt in the mouth. Wisdom teeth typically erupt between the ages of 17 and 25, although some people do not develop wisdom teeth at all. In some cases, wisdom teeth erupt without any issue and do not cause problems. However, many people developed impacted wisdom teeth–or teeth that simply don’t have enough room to grow normally into the mouth. Sometimes, impacted wisdom teeth erupt partially and sometimes they do not erupt at all.  Partially erupted wisdom teeth can grow at an angle towards the second molar, towards the back of the mouth, or even at a right angle to other teeth.

Wisdom teeth need to be extracted when they are impacted for two primary reasons: active problems caused by impacted teeth and preventing problems in the future.

ELIMINATE CONSEQUENCES OF IMPACTED WISDOM TEETH

There are a number of consequences that can occur due to impacted wisdom teeth. Common problems include:

  • Pain; impacted teeth may cause pain due to the pressure of growing towards other teeth or being only partially erupted
  • Gum disease; impacted teeth are prone to causing gum disease
  • Tooth decay; partially erupted wisdom teeth may have tooth decay due to the impacted nature of the tooth making it difficult to floss and brush
  • Damage to the bone or nearby teeth; if the tooth is growing towards the bone or other teeth, it can cause significant damage and pain
  • Cyst development; in some cases, wisdom teeth cause cysts to be developed, and these cysts can spread infection

PREVENT FUTURE DENTAL PROBLEMS CAUSED BY IMPACTED WISDOM TEETH

Another reason why a dentist may recommend wisdom teeth extraction of impacted teeth is to prevent problems that can occur in the future, even if there are no current issues with the tooth. Even wisdom teeth which are currently free of any symptoms such as pain and visible tooth decay may harbour hidden decay and disease-causing bacteria. This is especially true in cases where the tooth is impacted and cannot be properly cleaned.

In addition to this, dentists may recommend wisdom teeth extraction sooner rather than later due to the fact that older adults often have more difficulty with the surgery and recovery than younger adults.

If you are looking to schedule a wisdom tooth extraction consultation, be sure to contact our team at Westgate Dental Centre today.