child dentist treatment

Pediatric Dental Care

A Comprehensive Guide to Nurturing Healthy Smiles from Childhood to Adolescence

Pediatric dentists play an important role in children’s oral health and well-being. Their specialized training and expertise uniquely qualify them to provide comprehensive dental care tailored specifically to the needs of infants, children, and adolescents. The importance of pediatric dentists lies in their ability to create a positive and comfortable dental experience for young patients. 

They understand children’s unique developmental stages, behavioural patterns, and oral health concerns, allowing them to establish trust and build strong relationships with their young patients. 

Pediatric dentists not only focus on preventive care, such as regular check-ups and cleanings but also provide early intervention and treatment for dental issues that may arise in children. 

They are skilled in identifying and addressing problems such as tooth decay, gum disease, and misalignment of teeth at an early stage, preventing them from progressing into more serious conditions.

Pediatric Dentists Guide For Your Child’s Oral Health

Understand the Importance of Baby Teeth:

  • Recognize that primary (baby) teeth play a vital role in speech development, allowing children to learn and articulate sounds properly.
  • Understand that baby teeth serve as placeholders for permanent teeth. This guides them into the correct position as they grow.
  • Healthy baby teeth are important for proper chewing and digestion. This promotes good nutrition and overall well-being.

Establish a Solid Foundation for Oral Hygiene:

  • Learn the correct brushing techniques for children, including using a soft-bristled toothbrush and age-appropriate toothpaste.
  • Understand the importance of brushing twice daily for two minutes to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay.
  • Teach children the proper way to floss their teeth. This emphasizes the importance of cleaning between teeth and along the gumline.
  • Supervise children’s brushing and flossing routines until they can handle these tasks independently.

Promote a Tooth-Friendly Diet:

  • Emphasize the importance of a balanced diet rich in calcium, vitamins, and minerals for strong and healthy teeth.
  • Encourage children to limit their consumption of sugary foods and drinks, as sugar can contribute to tooth decay.
  • Promote healthy snacking habits by offering fresh fruits, vegetables, and low-sugar alternatives as tooth-friendly options.

Take Preventive Measures for Optimal Dental Health:

  • Understand the benefits of fluoride in preventing tooth decay and consider using fluoridated toothpaste or fluoride treatments as a dentist recommends.
  • Discuss the option of dental sealants with a dentist to provide an extra layer of protection against cavities, especially on the chewing surfaces of molars.
  • Schedule regular dental check-ups for professional cleanings, examinations, and early detection of any dental issues.

Nurture Healthy Habits and Overcome Challenges:

  • Help children break thumb-sucking and pacifier habits, as prolonged habits can affect dental development. Offer encouragement, rewards, and distraction techniques.
  • Manage dental anxiety by creating a positive dental experience, explaining procedures in child-friendly language, and considering a pediatric dentist specializing in children.
  • Provide appropriate oral care for children with special needs, considering their specific challenges and working closely with a dentist experienced in treating children with special needs.

Dentistry For Children: Dental Services Children Should Maintain

Children should follow a range of dental services to maintain optimal oral health. These services include: 

  • Routine Dental Check-ups

Regular dental check-ups are essential for children to monitor their dental health. Dentists can identify any potential issues early on and provide necessary preventive care.

  • Professional Cleanings

Professional dental cleanings help remove plaque, tartar, and stains from the teeth. They are performed during routine check-ups to ensure thorough oral hygiene.

  • Fluoride Treatments

Fluoride treatments help strengthen the tooth enamel, making it more decay-resistant. Dentists may recommend fluoride applications, especially for children at a higher risk of developing cavities.

  • Dental Sealants

A protective coating is applied to the chewing surfaces of molars to prevent cavities. They act as a barrier, sealing out food particles and bacteria that can cause decay.

Dentist with child patient
child beautiful smile
  • Orthodontic Evaluations

Regular orthodontic evaluations are important to monitor the alignment and development of the teeth and jaws. Early detection of orthodontic issues can help guide proper treatment if necessary.

  • Education on Oral Hygiene

Dentists provide education on proper oral hygiene practices, including brushing techniques, flossing, and the importance of a balanced diet. They may also demonstrate the correct way to clean teeth and gums.

  • Dental X-rays

X-rays help dentists identify potential dental problems that may not be visible during a visual examination. They are useful for evaluating tooth development, detecting cavities, and assessing the position of permanent teeth.

  • Dental Emergency Care

Children may require dental emergency care for injuries or sudden dental pain. Dentists specializing in pediatric dentistry are trained to handle dental emergencies and provide prompt treatment.

Products Children Should Use For Better Oral Health


Children should use a soft-bristled toothbrush with a small head that fits comfortably in their mouth. The bristles should be gentle on their sensitive gums and teeth. Many toothbrushes for children feature colourful designs and characters to make brushing more fun and engaging.


Choose a fluoride toothpaste specifically formulated for children. Look for the Canadian Dental Association (CDA) seal of acceptance on the packaging, which ensures that the toothpaste meets safety and effectiveness standards. Fluoride helps strengthen the tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. Use a rice-sized smear of toothpaste for children under three years old and a pea-sized amount for children aged 3 to 6.

Dental Floss

As soon as your child’s teeth start to touch, it’s important to introduce dental floss into their oral hygiene routine. Use floss picks or flossers designed for children, as they are easier to handle and navigate between the teeth. Encourage your child to floss once a day, preferably before bedtime.


Mouthwash is unnecessary for all children, but it can sometimes be beneficial. Consult with your child’s dentist to determine if a mouthwash is appropriate. If recommended, choose an alcohol-free and fluoride-containing mouthwash specifically designed for children. Remind your child to swish the mouthwash in their mouth for the recommended time and then spit it out.

Interdental Brushes

Interdental brushes, or proxy brushes, are used to clean between teeth and around orthodontic appliances like braces or wires. They are particularly helpful for children with braces or tight spaces between their teeth. Choose interdental brushes with a size suitable for your child’s age and needs.

Tongue Cleaner

Tongue or tongue scrapers can gently remove food particles and debris from the tongue’s surface. This helps maintain fresh breath and reduces the risk of oral health issues. Look for tongue cleaners designed for children that are soft and have a suitable size for their mouth.

General Dentistry For Children Maple Ridge: Dental Treatment

dental exmanitation

Dental Examinations

Regular dental examinations are essential for children to monitor their oral health. The dentist will evaluate the child’s teeth, gums, and overall oral development during these exams. We check for any signs of tooth decay, gum disease, or other oral health issues. Dental X-rays may be taken to assess the development of permanent teeth and detect any hidden dental problems.

dental sealants

Dental Sealants

A protective coating is applied to the surfaces of the back teeth (molars and premolars). These teeth are prone to cavities due to their deep grooves and difficulty in cleaning. Sealants act as a barrier, preventing food particles and bacteria from getting trapped in the grooves and causing decay. Sealants are applied after permanent molars eruption and can last several years.

dental fillings

Dental Fillings

If a child develops a cavity, dental fillings are used to repair the affected tooth. The decayed portion is removed, and a filling material, such as tooth-coloured composite resin or amalgam, is placed to restore the tooth’s shape and function. Tooth-coloured fillings are commonly used for front teeth, while amalgam fillings are more suitable for back teeth.

stainless steel crowns

Stainless Steel Crowns

Stainless steel crowns may be recommended for children with extensively decayed or damaged teeth. These crowns are placed over the primary teeth to protect them and restore strength and function. Stainless steel crowns are durable and can withstand the forces of chewing and grinding.

space maintainers

Space Maintainers

If a child loses a primary tooth prematurely, a space maintainer may be placed to preserve the space and prevent neighbouring teeth from shifting into the space. Space maintainers help guide the eruption of permanent teeth and maintain proper alignment.

orthodontic treatment

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment may be required for children with misaligned teeth or jaw irregularities. Traditional braces, clear aligners (such as Invisalign Teen), or other orthodontic appliances can correct the alignment of the teeth and jaws. Early orthodontic intervention may be recommended to address issues and ensure proper oral development.

dental trauma management

Dental Trauma Management

Children are prone to dental injuries during play or accidents, such as chipped or knocked-out teeth. Dentists can provide emergency dental care to manage and treat dental trauma. Immediate treatment can help save the tooth and prevent further complications. Practices to follow for a healthy smile at an early age

General Dentistry for Children in Maple Ridge 

Westgate Dental Centre is a trusted destination for pediatric dental care, dedicated to providing exceptional oral healthcare services for children. With a team of experienced and gentle pediatric dentists, the clinic offers comprehensive dental treatments specifically tailored to meet the unique needs of infants, children, and adolescents. 

From preventive care and dental exams to specialized treatments and behavior management techniques, Westgate Dental Centre ensures a child-friendly and comforting environment to create positive dental experiences for young patients. The clinic’s commitment to oral health education and preventive measures helps instill lifelong oral hygiene habits, promoting healthy teeth and gums from an early age. 

With a focus on patient comfort, safety, and excellent care, Westgate Dental Centre is the ideal choice for nurturing healthy smiles and maintaining optimal oral health for children.

Frequently Asked Questions

In Canada, pediatric dentistry typically encompasses dental care for children from infancy through adolescence. The Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (CAPD) defines a pediatric patient as an individual up to the age of 18, although some pediatric dentists may continue to provide care for young adults with special needs or ongoing dental issues from their childhood. 

It is advisable to consult with a Canadian pediatric dentist to confirm the specific age range they serve and to ensure that your child receives appropriate dental care based on their age and developmental stage.

The cost of dental services for children can vary depending on the specific treatment needed, the dentist’s location, and any insurance coverage. It is best to contact local dental offices to inquire about their fees for the specific treatment your child requires. 

Preventive care is usually more affordable than complex treatments, and many dental offices offer payment plans or financing options to help make dental care more accessible for families.

Yes, pediatric dentistry is an age-defined specialty that focuses on providing dental care for infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric dentists receive specialized training beyond their general dental education to address the unique oral health needs and concerns of young patients. 

They are skilled in managing dental development, behavior, and specific oral health issues that are specific to children. Pediatric dentists provide comprehensive dental care for children up to the age of 18, although some may continue to provide care for young adults with special needs or ongoing dental issues from their childhood.